19. Positivity Impairment as a Broad-Based Feature of Social Anxiety

  1. Justin W. Weeks
  1. Eva Gilboa-Schechtman,
  2. Iris Shachar and
  3. Yair Sahar

Published Online: 1 MAR 2014

DOI: 10.1002/9781118653920.ch19

The Wiley Blackwell Handbook of Social Anxiety Disorder

The Wiley Blackwell Handbook of Social Anxiety Disorder

How to Cite

Gilboa-Schechtman, E., Shachar, I. and Sahar, Y. (2014) Positivity Impairment as a Broad-Based Feature of Social Anxiety, in The Wiley Blackwell Handbook of Social Anxiety Disorder (ed J. W. Weeks), John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781118653920.ch19

Editor Information

  1. Center for Evaluation and Treatment of Anxiety (CETA) Ohio University

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 1 MAR 2014
  2. Published Print: 7 FEB 2014

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781119968603

Online ISBN: 9781118653920

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Keywords:

  • Regulation;
  • Reactivity;
  • Causality;
  • Dominance;
  • Affiliation;
  • Smile;
  • Positive impairment

Summary

The study of Social Anxiety Disorder (SAD) has been enriched in the past decade by emerging interest in the concept of positivity. The present chapter seeks to clarify and delineate the prevalent, yet ill-defined, concept of “positive impairment” in social anxiety by addressing four questions. First, we inquire about the scope of positive impairment. Second, we examine the evidence concerning the association of social anxiety and reactivity to positive stimuli/events. Third, we examine the available evidence regarding strategies employed by individuals high in social anxiety in an attempt to regulate their positive affective states. Fourth, we examine the evidence regarding the causal role of positivity impairment in the onset and maintenance of social anxiety. Consistent with evolutionary and interpersonal accounts of SAD, the dimensions of affiliation and dominance frame this review. Finally, the implications of this theoretical position on the core processes in, and treatment of, social anxiety are presented.