Laterites – Still a Frontier of Nickel Process Development

  1. Thomas Battle,
  2. Michael Moats,
  3. Violina Cocalia,
  4. Harald Oosterhof,
  5. Shafiq Alam,
  6. Antoine Allanore,
  7. Rodney Jones,
  8. Nathan Stubina,
  9. Corby Anderson and
  10. Shijie Wang
  1. A. Taylor

Published Online: 31 JAN 2013

DOI: 10.1002/9781118658826.ch1

Ni-Co 2013

Ni-Co 2013

How to Cite

Taylor, A. (2013) Laterites – Still a Frontier of Nickel Process Development, in Ni-Co 2013 (eds T. Battle, M. Moats, V. Cocalia, H. Oosterhof, S. Alam, A. Allanore, R. Jones, N. Stubina, C. Anderson and S. Wang), John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, USA. doi: 10.1002/9781118658826.ch1

Author Information

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 31 JAN 2013
  2. Published Print: 15 FEB 2013

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781118605752

Online ISBN: 9781118658826

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Keywords:

  • Caron process;
  • EPAL process;
  • cobalt recovery

Summary

This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Introduction

  • Caron Process

  • Typical Caron Flowsheet

  • Current Caron Installations

  • Yabulu Operation, Australia

  • Issues with Caron Flowsheet

  • Pal Process

  • Typical Pal Flowsheet

  • Current Pal Installations (Excluding Ravensthorpe Epal Plant)

  • Murrin Murrin Operation, Australia

  • Issues with Pal Process

  • Epal Process

  • Epal Process Flowsheet (Ref: Ravensthorpe Presentation at ALTA 2005)

  • Issues with Epal Process

  • Developing Processes using Sulpuric Acid

  • Pal Combined with AL

  • Stand-Alone AL

  • Proposed Weda Bay Flowsheet (Ref: Eramet Paper at ALTA 2012)

  • Issues with AL

  • Heap Leaching

  • Caldag HL Demonstration Plant (Ref: European Nickel Paper at ALTA 2006)

  • Caldag Demonstration Plant HL Flowsheet (Ref: European Nickel Paper at ALTA 2006)

  • Issues with HL

  • Advantages of Sulphuric Acid Based Leaching Processes

  • Issues with Sulphuric Acid Based Processes

  • Developing Processes using Chloride Leaching Systems

  • Potential Advantages of Chloride Leaching of Laterites

  • Neomet Process Flowsheet (Ref: Neomet Paper at ALTA 2011)

  • Issues with Chloride Systems

  • Developing Processes using Nitric Leaching Systems

  • Potential Advantages of Nitric Leaching of Laterites

  • DNi Process Flowsheet (Ref: Direct Nickel Paper at ALTA 2011)

  • Issues with Nitric Systems

  • Summary of Present Status for Processing of Low Grade Laterites

  • The Ideal Laterite Process