Alternative Coolants and Cooling System Designs for Safer Freeze Lined Furnace Operation

  1. Thomas Battle,
  2. Michael Moats,
  3. Violina Cocalia,
  4. Harald Oosterhof,
  5. Shafiq Alam,
  6. Antoine Allanore,
  7. Rodney Jones,
  8. Nathan Stubina,
  9. Corby Anderson and
  10. Shijie Wang
  1. Mark William Kennedy1,2,
  2. Per Nos3,
  3. Mia Bratt4 and
  4. Mark Weaver5

Published Online: 31 JAN 2013

DOI: 10.1002/9781118658826.ch22

Ni-Co 2013

Ni-Co 2013

How to Cite

Kennedy, M. W., Nos, P., Bratt, M. and Weaver, M. (2013) Alternative Coolants and Cooling System Designs for Safer Freeze Lined Furnace Operation, in Ni-Co 2013 (eds T. Battle, M. Moats, V. Cocalia, H. Oosterhof, S. Alam, A. Allanore, R. Jones, N. Stubina, C. Anderson and S. Wang), John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, USA. doi: 10.1002/9781118658826.ch22

Author Information

  1. 1

    Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, N-7491 Trondheim, Norway

  2. 2

    ProVal Partners SA, 1004 Lausanne, Switzerland

  3. 3

    Termek Technology, Rudssletta 70, Rud N-1351, Norway

  4. 4

    Elkem AS Research, Fiskåveien 1, Kristiansand NO-4675, Norway

  5. 5

    Alcoa Technical Center, 15069, Pennsylvania, United States

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 31 JAN 2013
  2. Published Print: 15 FEB 2013

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781118605752

Online ISBN: 9781118658826



  • furnace;
  • coolant;
  • safety


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Introduction

  • Safety Issues Associated with Water Cooled Furnace Components

  • Heat Transfer Theory and Design Considerations for Metallurgical Furnace Coolers

  • Safety Considerations in Advanced Furnace Cooler Design

  • Critical Heat Flux (CHF) and Cooler ‘Burn-Out’

  • Internal Cooling Channel Heat Transfer Coefficient Estimation

  • Comparison Between the Cooling Effectiveness of Water and Alternative Coolants

  • Special Safety Issues Associated with Alternative Coolants

  • Conclusions and Recommendations