Processing of PGM Containing Ni/Cu Bulk Concentrates in a Sustainable Way by Outotec Direct Nickel Flash Smelting Process

  1. Thomas Battle,
  2. Michael Moats,
  3. Violina Cocalia,
  4. Harald Oosterhof,
  5. Shafiq Alam,
  6. Antoine Allanore,
  7. Rodney Jones,
  8. Nathan Stubina,
  9. Corby Anderson and
  10. Shijie Wang
  1. Satu Jyrkonen1,
  2. Kaarlo Haavanlammi2,
  3. Matti Luomala1,
  4. Janne Karonen1 and
  5. Paivi Suikkanen3

Published Online: 31 JAN 2013

DOI: 10.1002/9781118658826.ch24

Ni-Co 2013

Ni-Co 2013

How to Cite

Jyrkonen, S., Haavanlammi, K., Luomala, M., Karonen, J. and Suikkanen, P. (2013) Processing of PGM Containing Ni/Cu Bulk Concentrates in a Sustainable Way by Outotec Direct Nickel Flash Smelting Process, in Ni-Co 2013 (eds T. Battle, M. Moats, V. Cocalia, H. Oosterhof, S. Alam, A. Allanore, R. Jones, N. Stubina, C. Anderson and S. Wang), John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, USA. doi: 10.1002/9781118658826.ch24

Author Information

  1. 1

    Outotec (Finland), Kuparitie 10; FIN-28330 Pori, Finland

  2. 2

    Outotec (Finland), Puolikkotie 8; FIN-02201 Espoo, Finland

  3. 3

    Boliden Harjavalta, Teollisuuskatu 1; FIN-29200 Harjavalta, Finland

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 31 JAN 2013
  2. Published Print: 15 FEB 2013

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781118605752

Online ISBN: 9781118658826

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Keywords:

  • Direct Nickel Flash Smelting;
  • bulk concentrates;
  • PGM

Summary

This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Introduction

  • Outotec Direct Nickel Flash Smelting Process

  • Features of DON Process

  • Experiences of High Copper Feed Material in Boliden Harjavalta

  • Hydrometallurgical Process Concept

  • Conclusions