10. Pine

  1. Douglas L. Karlen
  1. David B. South and
  2. Mathew Smidt

Published Online: 1 MAR 2014

DOI: 10.1002/9781118676332.ch10

Cellulosic Energy Cropping Systems

Cellulosic Energy Cropping Systems

How to Cite

South, D. B. and Smidt, M. (2014) Pine, in Cellulosic Energy Cropping Systems (ed D. L. Karlen), John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781118676332.ch10

Author Information

  1. School of Forestry and Wildlife Sciences, Auburn University, U.S.A.

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 1 MAR 2014
  2. Published Print: 13 MAR 2014

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781119991946

Online ISBN: 9781118676332



  • bioenergy;
  • biomass;
  • pine


Pine branches, pine logs, and residues from sawmills have been burned for energy for over a thousand years. This chapter discusses phylogeny, chemical composition, heat of combustion, growth, energy yield, nursery production, planting season, density and row configuration, weed control, fertilization, insect and disease control, resin management, harvest management, genetic improvement, economics and government regulations for pines. Although the technology to produce electricity and liquid fuels from pine is available, so far few pine plantations have been established solely for the production of bioenergy. This is partly because pine biomass can also be obtained from thinnings, mill residues, harvest residues and from pine scraps transported to landfills.