11. Poplar

  1. Douglas L. Karlen
  1. Andrzej Klasa1 and
  2. Doug Karlen2

Published Online: 1 MAR 2014

DOI: 10.1002/9781118676332.ch11

Cellulosic Energy Cropping Systems

Cellulosic Energy Cropping Systems

How to Cite

Klasa, A. and Karlen, D. (2014) Poplar, in Cellulosic Energy Cropping Systems (ed D. L. Karlen), John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781118676332.ch11

Author Information

  1. 1

    Department of Agricultural Chemistry and Environmental Protection, Warmia and Mazury University in Olsztyn, Poland

  2. 2

    National Laboratory for Agriculture and the Environment, USDA Agricultural Research Service, U.S.A.

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 1 MAR 2014
  2. Published Print: 13 MAR 2014

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781119991946

Online ISBN: 9781118676332



  • bioenergy;
  • biomass;
  • harvest residues;
  • pine


Pine branches, pine logs, and residues from sawmills have been burned for energy for over a thousand years. Although pine biomass is used to produce energy, pines are generally not planted for the sole purpose of bioenergy. This chapter discusses the chemical composition, heat of combustion, growth, and energy yield of pines. Cultural practices include nursery production, planting density and row configuration, weed control, fertilization, and insect and disease control. Harvest management, genetic improvement, economics, and government regulations for pines are also discussed. Although the technology to produce electricity and liquid fuels from pine is available, so far few pine plantations have been established solely for the production of bioenergy. This is partly because pine biomass can also be obtained from thinnings, mill residues, harvest residues and from pine scraps transported to landfills.