13. Herbaceous Biomass Logistics

  1. Douglas L. Karlen
  1. John S. Cundiff

Published Online: 1 MAR 2014

DOI: 10.1002/9781118676332.ch13

Cellulosic Energy Cropping Systems

Cellulosic Energy Cropping Systems

How to Cite

Cundiff, J. S. (2014) Herbaceous Biomass Logistics, in Cellulosic Energy Cropping Systems (ed D. L. Karlen), John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781118676332.ch13

Author Information

  1. Department of Biological Systems Engineering, Virginia Tech, U.S.A.

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 1 MAR 2014
  2. Published Print: 13 MAR 2014

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781119991946

Online ISBN: 9781118676332



  • bales;
  • herbaceous biomass logistics;
  • multibale handling unit;
  • rack system concept


This chapter is written to guide the reader for designing or specifying, a logistics system for a bioenergy plant. It demonstrates a logistics system to move round bales from Satellite Storage Locations (SSLs) to a bioenergy plant. The chapter also discusses other logistics factors namely, plant size, harvesting systems and highway hauling. Herbaceous crops cannot be harvested during the growing season, thus storage is always a component in the logistics system design. Individual handling of bales (round or square) is not cost-effective. One of the cost benefits of a multibale handling unit, is the improved cost-effectiveness of receiving facility operations. The “rack system concept” envisions that round bales will be loaded into a rack in the field or at a SSL. Assigning different unit operations to different entities in the business plan can lower average delivered cost.