14. Woody Biomass Logistics

  1. Douglas L. Karlen
  1. Robert Keefe1,
  2. Nathaniel Anderson2,
  3. John Hogland2 and
  4. Ken Muhlenfeld3

Published Online: 1 MAR 2014

DOI: 10.1002/9781118676332.ch14

Cellulosic Energy Cropping Systems

Cellulosic Energy Cropping Systems

How to Cite

Keefe, R., Anderson, N., Hogland, J. and Muhlenfeld, K. (2014) Woody Biomass Logistics, in Cellulosic Energy Cropping Systems (ed D. L. Karlen), John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781118676332.ch14

Author Information

  1. 1

    Department of Forest, Rangeland and Fire Sciences, University of Idaho, U.S.A.

  2. 2

    Rocky Mountain Research Station, USDA Forest Service, U.S.A.

  3. 3

    Southern Union Community College, U.S.A.

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 1 MAR 2014
  2. Published Print: 13 MAR 2014

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781119991946

Online ISBN: 9781118676332



  • energy crops;
  • logging residues;
  • pretreatment;
  • standard thinning;
  • woody biomass logistics


The economics of using woody biomass as a fuel or feedstock for bioenergy applications is often driven by logistical considerations. The woody biomass supply chain varies by region and land ownership type. Most woody biomass currently used or being actively studied in the context of biofuels and bioenergy development is derived from three major source categories: dedicated short rotation woody crops (SRWCs), thinning materials, and logging residues. This chapter describes the harvesting and processing systems and equipment, and discusses aspects related to woody mass transportation, pretreatment, handling and storage, and logistics management. It also discusses the tools and approaches that are used to perform spatial analysis of feedstock supply to inform logistics. Though the techniques can be complex, their broad purpose is to help estimate how much biomass can be supplied to a specific facility at a given cost.