16. Environmental Sustainability of Cellulosic Energy Cropping Systems

  1. Douglas L. Karlen
  1. Richard Lowrance1 and
  2. Adam Davis2

Published Online: 1 MAR 2014

DOI: 10.1002/9781118676332.ch16

Cellulosic Energy Cropping Systems

Cellulosic Energy Cropping Systems

How to Cite

Lowrance, R. and Davis, A. (2014) Environmental Sustainability of Cellulosic Energy Cropping Systems, in Cellulosic Energy Cropping Systems (ed D. L. Karlen), John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781118676332.ch16

Author Information

  1. 1

    Southeast Watershed Research Laboratory, USDA Agricultural Research Service, U.S.A.

  2. 2

    Global Change and Photosynthesis Research Unit, USDA Agricultural Research Service, U.S.A.

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 1 MAR 2014
  2. Published Print: 13 MAR 2014

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781119991946

Online ISBN: 9781118676332

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Keywords:

  • biodiversity;
  • cellulosic energy cropping systems;
  • environmental sustainability;
  • greenhouse gas (GHG) effects;
  • invasive species;
  • soil properties;
  • water quality;
  • water quantity;
  • wildlife

Summary

Environmental sustainability analysis of cellulosic bioenergy necessarily models industries that do not yet exist (cellulosic ethanol and renewable diesel). The environmental sustainability of feedstock production systems will depend on several factors, including their effects on greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, soil and water resources, wildlife, and whether the feedstock is a potentially invasive species or can harbor them. These direct effects are generally determined based on direct land use change from annual crops, managed perennial vegetation (perennial pastures, industrial or non-industrial forest plantations), or other types of perennial vegetation (natural forest or grassland).