6. Sugarcane, Energy Cane and Napier Grass

  1. Douglas L. Karlen
  1. Edward P. Richard Jr.1 and
  2. William F. Anderson2

Published Online: 1 MAR 2014

DOI: 10.1002/9781118676332.ch6

Cellulosic Energy Cropping Systems

Cellulosic Energy Cropping Systems

How to Cite

Richard, E. P. and Anderson, W. F. (2014) Sugarcane, Energy Cane and Napier Grass, in Cellulosic Energy Cropping Systems (ed D. L. Karlen), John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781118676332.ch6

Author Information

  1. 1

    Sugarcane Research Unit, USDA Agricultural Research Service, U.S.A.

  2. 2

    Crop Genetics and Breeding Research Unit, USDA Agricultural Research Service, U.S.A.

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 1 MAR 2014
  2. Published Print: 13 MAR 2014

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781119991946

Online ISBN: 9781118676332



  • cellulosic energy;
  • energy cane;
  • Napier grass;
  • sugar


The 2007 Energy Independence and Security Act mandates that 16 billion of the targeted 36 billion gallons of biofuels must be derived from cellulosic sources. Sugarcane grown solely for the production of energy is commonly referred to as energy cane. This chapter discusses the production of sugar/energy cane as a dedicated bioenergy feedstock with an emphasis to areas where sugarcane may not be traditionally grown. Much of the information presented in the chapter is based on research conducted on the production of sugarcane for sugar. Napier grass resembles sugar or energy cane in stature and in methods of propagation. It is considered a viable feedstock for bioenergy due to the perennial nature and yields similar to energy cane in Florida and Georgia. The chapter discusses phylogeny, growth, yield, and chemical composition, establishment, fertilization, disease, insect, and weed control, harvest management and genetic improvement for cane and Napier grass.