10. Polyamides from Biomass Derived Monomers

  1. Stephan Kabasci
  1. Benjamin Brehmer

Published Online: 4 OCT 2013

DOI: 10.1002/9781118676646.ch10

Bio-Based Plastics: Materials and Applications

Bio-Based Plastics: Materials and Applications

How to Cite

Brehmer, B. (2013) Polyamides from Biomass Derived Monomers, in Bio-Based Plastics: Materials and Applications (ed S. Kabasci), John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Chichester, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781118676646.ch10

Editor Information

  1. Fraunhofer-Institute for Environmental, Safety, and Energy Technology UMSICHT, Germany

Author Information

  1. Evonik Industries AG, Marl, Germany

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 4 OCT 2013
  2. Published Print: 13 NOV 2013

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781119994008

Online ISBN: 9781118676646



  • bio-based polyamide;
  • biopolymer;
  • castor oil;
  • LCA;
  • nylon;
  • sebacic acid


Bio-based polyamides derived from the castor oilseed plant are a rapidly developing product class entering markets where technical performance is paramount. This chapter describes in detail the history, chemistry, production routes, supply chain and ecological aspects of these new mid-to-long-chain polyamides are described. Their superior technical properties and the broad processing options enable market differentiation. Combined with the positive sustainability criteria, they are employed in many suitable application outlets. Yet, despite increased production capacity and market demand, they will continue to represent only a niche market share. The supply chain, from agricultural methods of castor oil production to oilseed crushing to chemical monomer synthesis all the way through to the newest polymerization technologies, is discussed in detail. It will be shown that the collective value and supply chain of these bio-based products are relatively new and have many opportunities for further improvement and optimization. The market players are also mentioned with their differing product portfolios. Being a major topic of discussion, the sustainability aspects and the lifecycle assessment calculation, taking into account the influence of biogenic carbon, is described in length. It should become clear that bio-based polyamides and high performance can correlate and that bio-polyamides are truly sustainable.