6. Bioplastics from Lipids

  1. Stephan Kabasci
  1. Stuart Coles

Published Online: 4 OCT 2013

DOI: 10.1002/9781118676646.ch6

Bio-Based Plastics: Materials and Applications

Bio-Based Plastics: Materials and Applications

How to Cite

Coles, S. (2013) Bioplastics from Lipids, in Bio-Based Plastics: Materials and Applications (ed S. Kabasci), John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Chichester, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781118676646.ch6

Editor Information

  1. Fraunhofer-Institute for Environmental, Safety, and Energy Technology UMSICHT, Germany

Author Information

  1. International Digital Laboratory, WMG, University of Warwick, United Kingdom

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 4 OCT 2013
  2. Published Print: 13 NOV 2013

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781119994008

Online ISBN: 9781118676646

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Keywords:

  • applications;
  • extraction;
  • lipid;
  • synthesis;
  • triglyceride

Summary

Lipids are becoming more prominent in today's chemical industry and are now a staple part of the industrial chemist's synthetic toolbox. They are readily modified to produce a number of different functionalities, which in turn allows them to produce a wide range of polymer types from a single feedstock. This chapter defines in loose terms what a lipid is and discusses some of the main areas in which they have been employed in biopolymer production to date. Lipids present an excellent opportunity for the production of biopolymers. They can be directly polymerized using free-radical or cationic processes with the addition of some additives. The reactivity present in many triglycerides (hydroxyl groups, double bonds) allows for the facile manipulation to whatever the desired functional group for polymerization may be. Triglycerides are an excellent, sustainable platform chemical for polymer production and the explosion in their use since the early 2000s will only continue as concerns over petrochemical feedstocks and prices grow.