11. Nutrient Leaching and Runoff from Land Application of Animal Manure and Measures for Reduction

  1. Sven G. Sommer3,
  2. Morten L. Christensen4,
  3. Thomas Schmidt5 and
  4. Lars S. Jensen6
  1. Peter Sørensen1 and
  2. Lars S. Jensen2

Published Online: 19 JUL 2013

DOI: 10.1002/9781118676677.ch11

Animal Manure Recycling: Treatment and Management

Animal Manure Recycling: Treatment and Management

How to Cite

Sørensen, P. and Jensen, L. S. (2013) Nutrient Leaching and Runoff from Land Application of Animal Manure and Measures for Reduction, in Animal Manure Recycling: Treatment and Management (eds S. G. Sommer, M. L. Christensen, T. Schmidt and L. S. Jensen), John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781118676677.ch11

Editor Information

  1. 3

    Institute of Chemical Engineering, Biotechnology and Environmental Technology, University of Southern Denmark, Denmark

  2. 4

    Department of Biotechnology, Chemistry and Environmental Engineering, Aalborg University, Denmark

  3. 5

    Technology Transfer Office, Aarhus University, Denmark

  4. 6

    Department of Plant and Environmental Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Denmark

Author Information

  1. 1

    Department of Agroecology, Aarhus University, Denmark

  2. 2

    Department of Plant and Environmental Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Denmark

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 19 JUL 2013
  2. Published Print: 9 SEP 2013

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781118488539

Online ISBN: 9781118676677

SEARCH

Keywords:

  • drainage;
  • leaching;
  • livestock manure;
  • macropore flow;
  • matrix flow;
  • nitrate;
  • nitrogen;
  • phosphorus;
  • potassium;
  • runoff

Summary

Manure application may increase nutrient losses by leaching and runoff, which may cause environmental problems. This chapter describes the mechanisms of nutrient leaching as affected by soil type, climate, timing of manure application and crop uptake. Effects of microbial transformation of manure nitrogen and the chemistry of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium on leaching and runoff are presented. Methods for measurement of leaching and runoff are described and effects of manure management and methods to reduce leaching and runoff losses of nutrients in manures are also presented.