13. Bioenergy Production

  1. Sven G. Sommer4,
  2. Morten L. Christensen5,
  3. Thomas Schmidt6 and
  4. Lars S. Jensen7
  1. Sven G. Sommer1,
  2. Alastair J. Ward2 and
  3. James J. Leahy3

Published Online: 19 JUL 2013

DOI: 10.1002/9781118676677.ch13

Animal Manure Recycling: Treatment and Management

Animal Manure Recycling: Treatment and Management

How to Cite

Sommer, S. G., Ward, A. J. and Leahy, J. J. (2013) Bioenergy Production, in Animal Manure Recycling: Treatment and Management (eds S. G. Sommer, M. L. Christensen, T. Schmidt and L. S. Jensen), John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781118676677.ch13

Editor Information

  1. 4

    Institute of Chemical Engineering, Biotechnology and Environmental Technology, University of Southern Denmark, Denmark

  2. 5

    Department of Biotechnology, Chemistry and Environmental Engineering, Aalborg University, Denmark

  3. 6

    Technology Transfer Office, Aarhus University, Denmark

  4. 7

    Department of Plant and Environmental Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Denmark

Author Information

  1. 1

    Institute of Chemical Engineering, Biotechnology and Environmental Technology, University of Southern Denmark, Denmark

  2. 2

    Department of Engineering, Aarhus University, Denmark

  3. 3

    Department of Chemical and Environmental Sciences, University of Limerick, Ireland

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 19 JUL 2013
  2. Published Print: 9 SEP 2013

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781118488539

Online ISBN: 9781118676677

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Keywords:

  • combustion;
  • thermal gasification;
  • biogas;
  • energy;
  • digester;
  • manure

Summary

Large quantities of animal manure are collected worldwide and used for energy production. Owing to the high water content of manure, energy production by incineration may demand much pre-treatment in terms of separating water from the biomass, drying or torrefaction and thus the energy surplus of the process may be low. Anaerobic fermentation of biomass can contribute to production of energy carrier. Anaerobic biogas production has proven to be the most efficient and environmentally friendly method to produce energy carriers from manures with high water content. Due to the recalcitrant nature of manure organic matter, bioethanol is not a suitable method to produce energy carrier. This chapter provides an overview of a number of bioenergy production methods and describes incineration of biomass by providing examples explaining how to assess the energy outcome from incineration of biomass of different composition. The microbiological biogas process is presented and methods to assess biogas outcome are described. The most used biogas technologies are also presented.