15. Animal Manure Fertiliser Value, Crop Utilisation and Soil Quality Impacts

  1. Sven G. Sommer2,
  2. Morten L. Christensen3,
  3. Thomas Schmidt4 and
  4. Lars S. Jensen5
  1. Lars S. Jensen

Published Online: 19 JUL 2013

DOI: 10.1002/9781118676677.ch15

Animal Manure Recycling: Treatment and Management

Animal Manure Recycling: Treatment and Management

How to Cite

Jensen, L. S. (2013) Animal Manure Fertiliser Value, Crop Utilisation and Soil Quality Impacts, in Animal Manure Recycling: Treatment and Management (eds S. G. Sommer, M. L. Christensen, T. Schmidt and L. S. Jensen), John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781118676677.ch15

Editor Information

  1. 2

    Institute of Chemical Engineering, Biotechnology and Environmental Technology, University of Southern Denmark, Denmark

  2. 3

    Department of Biotechnology, Chemistry and Environmental Engineering, Aalborg University, Denmark

  3. 4

    Technology Transfer Office, Aarhus University, Denmark

  4. 5

    Department of Plant and Environmental Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Denmark

Author Information

  1. Department of Plant and Environmental Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Denmark

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 19 JUL 2013
  2. Published Print: 9 SEP 2013

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781118488539

Online ISBN: 9781118676677

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Keywords:

  • crops;
  • soil fertility;
  • macronutrients;
  • micronutrients;
  • synchronisation;
  • manure application methods;
  • nutrient uptake efficiency;
  • mineral fertiliser equivalency;
  • long-term residual value;
  • fertilisation strategy

Summary

Animal manure can be utilised as an optimal fertiliser of great value for crops and grasslands, provided that it is applied with appropriate methods and timing to minimise losses and maximise nutrient availability in synchrony with the crop demand. This chapter starts with a brief introduction to plant nutrition, crop fertilisation and nutrient use efficiency concepts. This is followed by a description of the effects of animal manure application on soil chemical, biological and physical properties. The concept of mineral fertiliser equivalency is introduced to quantify manure nutrient use efficiency in crops, and the effect of various application methods and manure treatment processes are described. Finally, manure impacts on long-term nutrient supply and strategies for optimal combination of animal manures and mineral fertilisers are described.