15. Land-Use Change and Conservation Challenges in the Indian Himalaya

Past, Present, and Future

  1. Peter H. Raven3,
  2. Navjot S. Sodhi4 and
  3. Luke Gibson4
  1. Maharaj K. Pandit1 and
  2. Virendra Kumar2

Published Online: 12 JUL 2013

DOI: 10.1002/9781118679838.ch15

Conservation Biology : Voices from the Tropics

Conservation Biology : Voices from the Tropics

How to Cite

Pandit, M. K. and Kumar, V. (2013) Land-Use Change and Conservation Challenges in the Indian Himalaya, in Conservation Biology : Voices from the Tropics (eds P. H. Raven, N. S. Sodhi and L. Gibson), John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781118679838.ch15

Editor Information

  1. 3

    Missouri Botanical Garden

  2. 4

    National University of Singapore

Author Information

  1. 1

    Department of Environmental Studies, University of Delhi, Delhi, India

  2. 2

    Centre for Interdisciplinary Studies of Mountain and Hill Environment, University of Delhi, Delhi, India

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 12 JUL 2013
  2. Published Print: 16 SEP 2013

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780470658635

Online ISBN: 9781118679838

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Keywords:

  • biodiversity;
  • conservation challenges;
  • deforestation;
  • Himalaya;
  • Indian Himalaya;
  • land‐use change

Summary

The collision between the Indian and the Eurasian plates, which began about 65 million years ago, led to the gradual uplift of the Himalaya, an uplift that continues at present. Deforestation on a commercial scale began in the Himalaya with the British Raj in the early nineteenth century and has continued in post‐independence India. The habitat fragmentation exacerbated by unprecedented hydropower development in the Himalaya will significantly reduce tree species richness, density, and basal cover. This contribution highlights the importance of land‐use controls, the need for higher investments in conservation, education and research, the urgency in resolving human‐wildlife conflicts and linking biodiversity and livelihoods to meet future conservation challenges in the Himalaya. Certainly the rapid population growth projected for India over the next few decades will exacerbate the problems of attaining the goal of sustainability and the preservation of biodiversity in India.