24. Complex Forces Affect China's Biodiversity

  1. Peter H. Raven2,
  2. Navjot S. Sodhi3 and
  3. Luke Gibson3
  1. Jianguo Liu

Published Online: 12 JUL 2013

DOI: 10.1002/9781118679838.ch24

Conservation Biology : Voices from the Tropics

Conservation Biology : Voices from the Tropics

How to Cite

Liu, J. (2013) Complex Forces Affect China's Biodiversity, in Conservation Biology : Voices from the Tropics (eds P. H. Raven, N. S. Sodhi and L. Gibson), John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781118679838.ch24

Editor Information

  1. 2

    Missouri Botanical Garden

  2. 3

    National University of Singapore

Author Information

  1. Center for Systems Integration and Sustainability, Michigan State University, MI, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 12 JUL 2013
  2. Published Print: 16 SEP 2013

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780470658635

Online ISBN: 9781118679838



  • biodiversity;
  • China;
  • negative forces;
  • positive forces


While China is one of the most biodiversity‐rich countries, its biodiversity has been affected by numerous socioeconomic, demographic, technological, political, and biophysical forces both inside the country and elsewhere. The future of biodiversity in China (and elsewhere) will depend on the relative strengths of existing and emerging positive and negative forces. To fundamentally change this trajectory, it is essential to understand complex interactions among various forces affecting biodiversity, develop effective strategies to maintain it, and take bolder actions. This chapter outlines the overall status of China's biodiversity, and highlights major forces behind biodiversity since the establishment of the People's Republic of China in 1949. The chapter also discusses strategies and actions that could lead to a brighter future for biodiversity.