5. Conservation Challenges for Madagascar in the Next Decade

  1. Peter H. Raven8,
  2. Navjot S. Sodhi9 and
  3. Luke Gibson9
  1. Hajanirina Rakotomanana1,
  2. Richard K.B. Jenkins2 and
  3. Jonah Ratsimbazafy5

Published Online: 12 JUL 2013

DOI: 10.1002/9781118679838.ch5

Conservation Biology : Voices from the Tropics

Conservation Biology : Voices from the Tropics

How to Cite

Rakotomanana, H., Jenkins, R. K.B. and Ratsimbazafy, J. (2013) Conservation Challenges for Madagascar in the Next Decade, in Conservation Biology : Voices from the Tropics (eds P. H. Raven, N. S. Sodhi and L. Gibson), John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781118679838.ch5

Editor Information

  1. 8

    Missouri Botanical Garden

  2. 9

    National University of Singapore

Author Information

  1. 1

    Department of Animal Biology, University of Antananarivo, Antananarivo, Madagascar

  2. 2

    Durrell Institute of Conservation and Ecology, University of Kent, Canterbury, UK

  3. 5

    Groupe d'Etude et de Recherche sur les Primates de Madagascar 34, Antananarivo, Madagascar

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 12 JUL 2013
  2. Published Print: 16 SEP 2013

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780470658635

Online ISBN: 9781118679838



  • biodiversity;
  • conservation progress;
  • hunting;
  • Madagascar;
  • natural resources;
  • protected area (PA) network


Madagascar is one of the top biodiversity hotspots in the world. Significant progress has been made in conserving its unique flora and fauna through a protected area (PA) network, advancing research techniques and elaborating new legislative environment frameworks. These achievements are due to major efforts by scientists, conservation non‐governmental organizations (NGOs), and government working in close collaboration. However, extensive loss of native forests to agriculture, illegal logging, poaching, and the spread of invasive species continue to constitute major threats to Madagascar's biodiversity. In order to significantly reduce biodiversity loss, this chapter discusses some of major challenges facing conservation in Madagascar in the next decade. The four main challenges are: stopping illegal hunting of wildlife, sustaining the expanded PA network, ensuring that benefits derived from natural resource use are shared equitably, and promoting science as a tool to support conservation.