4. Environmental Sampling

  1. John R. Dean

Published Online: 18 OCT 2013

DOI: 10.1002/9781118683422.ch04

Environmental Trace Analysis: Techniques and Applications

Environmental Trace Analysis: Techniques and Applications

How to Cite

Dean, J. R. (ed) (2013) Environmental Sampling, in Environmental Trace Analysis: Techniques and Applications, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781118683422.ch04

Editor Information

  1. Department of Applied Sciences, Northumbria University, UK

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 18 OCT 2013
  2. Published Print: 29 NOV 2013

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781119962700

Online ISBN: 9781118683422



  • air sampling;
  • contaminants;
  • environmental sampling;
  • sampling device;
  • soil sampling;
  • water sampling


Sampling is all about obtaining a representative sample (sub-sample) of the whole. Therefore, in its simplest form it would involve taking a soil sample from an agricultural field, a water sample from a river or an indoor air sample from the home. This chapter seeks to develop the reader's thoughts on how each of these sample-types might be recovered and transferred to the laboratory. The chapter explains different methods of sampling solids, liquids and gases. Soil sampling can be done, for example, by using an auger, spade or trowel. As all three devices are made of stainless steel the risk of contamination is reduced. Water samples are collected using a spring-loaded water sampling device. Air sampling can be classified into two different sample types: the sampling of air particulates on filters (passive sampling); and gaseous vapour sampling on a sorbent (non-passive sampling).