11. Adult Bone Diseases That Begin in Childhood

  1. Ernesto Tomei MD5,
  2. Sofia Battisti MD6,
  3. Milvia Martino MD8,
  4. Daniel B. Nissman MD MPH MSEE9 and
  5. Richard C. Semelka MD10
  1. Salvatore Minisola1,
  2. Vincenzo Carnevale2,
  3. Najwa Al Ansari3,
  4. Ernesto Tomei3 and
  5. Richard C. Semelka4

Published Online: 30 NOV 2013

DOI: 10.1002/9781118692202.ch11

Text-Atlas of Skeletal Age Determination: MRI of the Hand and Wrist in Children

Text-Atlas of Skeletal Age Determination: MRI of the Hand and Wrist in Children

How to Cite

Minisola, S., Carnevale, V., Al Ansari, N., Tomei, E. and Semelka, R. C. (2014) Adult Bone Diseases That Begin in Childhood, in Text-Atlas of Skeletal Age Determination: MRI of the Hand and Wrist in Children (eds E. Tomei, S. Battisti, M. Martino, D. B. Nissman and R. C. Semelka), John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, USA. doi: 10.1002/9781118692202.ch11

Editor Information

  1. 5

    Associate Professor of Radiology, Department of Radiology, Oncology and Anatomy Pathology, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy

  2. 6

    Clinical Research Scholar, MR Section, Department of Radiology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA

  3. 8

    Department of Radiology, Oncology and Anatomy Pathology, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy

  4. 9

    Clinical Assistant Professor of Radiology, Department of Radiology, Musculoskeletal Section, UNC School of Medicine, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA

  5. 10

    Professor of Radiology; Director of Magnetic Resonance Services; Vice Chair of Quality and Safety, Department of Radiology, UNC School of Medicine, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA

Author Information

  1. 1

    Department of Internal Medicine, Policlinico Umberto I Hospital, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy

  2. 2

    Internal Medicine Unit, Casa Sollievo della Sofferenza Hospital, IRCCS, San Giovanni Rotondo (FG), Italy

  3. 3

    Department of Radiology, Oncology and Anatomy Pathology, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy

  4. 4

    Department of Radiology, UNC School of Medicine, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 30 NOV 2013
  2. Published Print: 3 JAN 2014

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781118692271

Online ISBN: 9781118692202

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Keywords:

  • adult bone diseases;
  • childhood;
  • skeletal remodeling;
  • total body imaging

Summary

Various abnormal skeletal conditions have their clinical onset in childhood, while other generalized diseases of children or adolescents affect bone growth and adequate mechanical competence of the adult skeleton. Skeletal remodeling in the adult continues and has the purpose of refreshing bone tissue in order to preserve function. Low bone mass and a high incidence of fractures are observed in patients with celiac disease, which is associated with a certain degree of malnutrition in 67% of patients at diagnosis. Silent or mild disease is common in patients with celiac disease, who may still possess bone disease related to the condition. The skeletal sites most often measured are the lumbar spine or total body. For total body imaging it is generally considered that the skull should be excluded from investigation.