21. Body Fluid microRNAs as Toxicological Biomarkers

  1. Saura C. Sahu
  1. Zhishan Wang1 and
  2. Chengfeng Yang2

Published Online: 6 SEP 2013

DOI: 10.1002/9781118695999.ch21

microRNAs in Toxicology and Medicine

microRNAs in Toxicology and Medicine

How to Cite

Wang, Z. and Yang, C. (2013) Body Fluid microRNAs as Toxicological Biomarkers, in microRNAs in Toxicology and Medicine (ed S. C. Sahu), John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781118695999.ch21

Editor Information

  1. Division of Toxicology, Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition, Food and Drug Administration, USA

Author Information

  1. 1

    Department of Physiology, Michigan State University, USA

  2. 2

    Center for Integrative Toxicology, Michigan State University, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 6 SEP 2013
  2. Published Print: 7 OCT 2013

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781118401613

Online ISBN: 9781118695999

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Keywords:

  • biomarkers;
  • body fluid miRNAs;
  • miRNA expressions;
  • toxicant exposures

Summary

This chapter discusses the history, biogenesis and functions for microRNAs (miRNAs). The miRNA expression profiles of human cancer tissues have been shown to be very informative, reflecting signatures associated with cancer diagnosis, progression, response to treatment and final prognosis. These findings highlight the potential of profiling miRNA expressions as biomarkers for cancer diagnosis. Due to the exceptional stability and non-invasive nature of body fluid miRNAs, a subsequent large numbers of studies have now shown that body fluid miRNAs could be used as promising novel biomarkers for the detection of cancer and other diseases, and for assessing early responses to toxicant or drug exposures. The potential usefulness of serum miRNAs as diagnostic biomarkers for drug- and liver transplantation caused liver injuries has been explored in recent human studies. Identifying reliable and non-invasive biomarkers for early diagnosis of heart injuries remains one of the major challenges in cardiovascular research.