2. Homeostasis and the Respiratory System

  1. Janice Mighten RGN, RSCN, MSc, BMed Sci(Hons)
  1. Andrew Prayle

Published Online: 5 APR 2013

DOI: 10.1002/9781118702680.ch2

Children's Respiratory Nursing

Children's Respiratory Nursing

How to Cite

Prayle, A. (2012) Homeostasis and the Respiratory System, in Children's Respiratory Nursing (ed J. Mighten), John Wiley & Sons, Ltd,., West Sussex, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781118702680.ch2

Author Information

  1. Research Fellow, Division of Child Health, University of Nottingham, and Nottingham Children's Hospital

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 5 APR 2013
  2. Published Print: 11 SEP 2012

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781405197755

Online ISBN: 9781118702680



  • Acid–base balance;
  • Blood gas analysis;
  • Carbon dioxide;
  • Chemoreceptors;
  • Homeostasis;
  • Hypoxia;
  • Negative feedback mechanism;
  • Respiratory rate


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Introduction

  • Respiratory Rate, Carbon Dioxide and pH

  • Carbon Dioxide Dissolved in the Blood Regulates the Respiratory Rate

  • In Disease Homeostasis is Disrupted

  • The Regulation of Blood pH is called Acid–Base Balance and is Assessed with Blood Gas Analysis

  • Conclusion

  • References