6. KINETICS, CATALYSIS, AND REACTION ENGINEERING

  1. Anne E. Marteel-Parrish1 and
  2. Martin A. Abraham2

Published Online: 31 JAN 2014

DOI: 10.1002/9781118720011.ch6

Green Chemistry and Engineering: A Pathway to Sustainability

Green Chemistry and Engineering: A Pathway to Sustainability

How to Cite

Marteel-Parrish, A. E. and Abraham, M. A. (2013) KINETICS, CATALYSIS, AND REACTION ENGINEERING, in Green Chemistry and Engineering: A Pathway to Sustainability, John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ. doi: 10.1002/9781118720011.ch6

Author Information

  1. 1

    Department of Chemistry, Washington College

  2. 2

    College of Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics, Youngstown State University

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 31 JAN 2014
  2. Published Print: 28 OCT 2013

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780470413265

Online ISBN: 9781118720011

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Keywords:

  • catalysis;
  • continuous stirred tank reactor (CSTR);
  • kinetic model;
  • reaction engineering

Summary

The green chemist has many tools available to decrease the environmental footprint of a selected reaction. By adjusting the reaction conditions, it is possible to reduce the amount of undesired product. One of the major challenges is to determine an appropriate kinetic model that describes the rate of the reaction. Because of the opportunities to control selectivity and improve reaction conditions, many commercially important reactions are conducted with a catalyst. This chapter illustrates biocatalysis by looking at pharmaceutical and food industries. Reactions are conducted in reactors, vessels designed to allow the reactants to come into contact under specific conditions. The chapter considers several ideal reactors, where simplification of the general material balance equation is possible. A continuous stirred tank reactor (CSTR) looks like a batch reactor, in that material enters the reactor, resides in the reactor for some time, and then leaves the reactor.