6. KINETICS, CATALYSIS, AND REACTION ENGINEERING
Published Online: 31 JAN 2014
Copyright © 2014 American Institute of Chemical Engineers, Inc.
Green Chemistry and Engineering: A Pathway to Sustainability
How to Cite
Marteel-Parrish, A. E. and Abraham, M. A. (2013) KINETICS, CATALYSIS, AND REACTION ENGINEERING, in Green Chemistry and Engineering: A Pathway to Sustainability, John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ. doi: 10.1002/9781118720011.ch6
- Published Online: 31 JAN 2014
- Published Print: 28 OCT 2013
Print ISBN: 9780470413265
Online ISBN: 9781118720011
- continuous stirred tank reactor (CSTR);
- kinetic model;
- reaction engineering
The green chemist has many tools available to decrease the environmental footprint of a selected reaction. By adjusting the reaction conditions, it is possible to reduce the amount of undesired product. One of the major challenges is to determine an appropriate kinetic model that describes the rate of the reaction. Because of the opportunities to control selectivity and improve reaction conditions, many commercially important reactions are conducted with a catalyst. This chapter illustrates biocatalysis by looking at pharmaceutical and food industries. Reactions are conducted in reactors, vessels designed to allow the reactants to come into contact under specific conditions. The chapter considers several ideal reactors, where simplification of the general material balance equation is possible. A continuous stirred tank reactor (CSTR) looks like a batch reactor, in that material enters the reactor, resides in the reactor for some time, and then leaves the reactor.