9. CURRENT AND FUTURE STATE OF ENERGY PRODUCTION AND CONSUMPTION
Published Online: 31 JAN 2014
Copyright © 2014 American Institute of Chemical Engineers, Inc.
Green Chemistry and Engineering: A Pathway to Sustainability
How to Cite
Marteel-Parrish, A. E. and Abraham, M. A. (2013) CURRENT AND FUTURE STATE OF ENERGY PRODUCTION AND CONSUMPTION, in Green Chemistry and Engineering: A Pathway to Sustainability, John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ. doi: 10.1002/9781118720011.ch9
- Published Online: 31 JAN 2014
- Published Print: 28 OCT 2013
Print ISBN: 9780470413265
Online ISBN: 9781118720011
- energy consumption;
- energy production;
- energy transfer;
- thermodynamic function
The world's reliance on fossil resources and continued economic growth pose great threats to the sustainability of the world's energy production. To measure the total heat or energy emitted or consumed by a reaction, we use a thermodynamic function called enthalpy. Traditional chemical processing relies on the transfer of energy in the form of heat or work, but it is also possible to use other processes to transfer the necessary energy to promote a chemical reaction. Because the energy transfer may be more efficient or targeted, the yield and selectivity can be improved, often eliminating the need for a catalyst, reducing the separation requirements, and eliminating waste. This chapter evaluates several of these less common energy transfer techniques. On average, about 14% of the total energy consumed in the United States is devoted to heating water and accounts for one-third of the average total household energy consumption.