11. Intelligence and Language
Published Online: 23 AUG 2013
This edition first published 2014 © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
The Cerebellum: Learning Movement, Language, and Social Skills
How to Cite
Broussard, D. M. (2013) Intelligence and Language, in The Cerebellum: Learning Movement, Language, and Social Skills, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Chichester, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781118730133.ch11
- Published Online: 23 AUG 2013
- Published Print: 15 AUG 2013
Print ISBN: 9781118125632
Online ISBN: 9781118730133
- executive function;
- working memory
The major language area in the cerebral cortex is Broca's area in the frontal lobe. Broca's area may be part of another cerebrocerebellar loop. Working memory is an important part of executive function, and working-memory tasks are often used in intelligence testing. Speech and language functions depend on Broca's area in the left frontal lobe and Wernicke's area in the left temporal lobe. Language is difficult to separate from other aspects of intelligence because language is needed to communicate intelligence, and intelligence is needed to use language. Many communication difficulties are experienced after cerebellar damage, and most of them can be divided into four groups: difficulties with motor coordination for generating speech; difficulties with organizing language (word finding, grammar, comprehension, and language processing); difficulties with working memory; and mutism.