9. Balance and Locomotion

  1. Dianne M. Broussard

Published Online: 23 AUG 2013

DOI: 10.1002/9781118730133.ch9

The Cerebellum: Learning Movement, Language, and Social Skills

The Cerebellum: Learning Movement, Language, and Social Skills

How to Cite

Broussard, D. M. (2013) Balance and Locomotion, in The Cerebellum: Learning Movement, Language, and Social Skills, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Chichester, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781118730133.ch9

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 23 AUG 2013
  2. Published Print: 15 AUG 2013

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781118125632

Online ISBN: 9781118730133

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Keywords:

  • anterior lobe;
  • cerebellar ataxia;
  • fastigial nucleus;
  • inner ear;
  • locomotion;
  • posterior lobes;
  • proprioceptors;
  • retina;
  • vestibulocerebellum

Summary

The cerebellum does a large number of essential computations to support locomotion. The cerebellar network controlling balance includes the vestibulocerebellum, anterior lobe, and fastigial nucleus. The anterior lobes are important in integration of vestibular and proprioceptive information to guide our movements and provide feedback about errors. The posterior lobes are involved in planning of foot placement during locomotion in demanding situations, guiding our movements, and orienting our bodies correctly. The vestibulocerebellum processes information from the inner ear, proprioceptors, and the retina to tell us in what direction, and how fast, we are moving, calculates head orientation so that we can stay upright, and precisely regulates muscle tone so that we can move quickly without tripping. The deep cerebellar nuclei contribute additional processing and integrate information from the cerebellar cortex before sending it to motor regions of the cerebral cortex and to the spinal cord.