48. Other Biting Insect Allergies

  1. Chiara Noli2,
  2. Aiden Foster3 and
  3. Wayne Rosenkrantz4
  1. Gwendolen Lorch

Published Online: 25 OCT 2013

DOI: 10.1002/9781118738818.ch48

Veterinary Allergy

Veterinary Allergy

How to Cite

Lorch, G. (2013) Other Biting Insect Allergies, in Veterinary Allergy (eds C. Noli, A. Foster and W. Rosenkrantz), John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781118738818.ch48

Editor Information

  1. 2


  2. 3


  3. 4


Author Information

  1. The Ohio State University, College of Veterinary Medicine, Columbus, OH, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 25 OCT 2013
  2. Published Print: 20 DEC 2013

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780470672419

Online ISBN: 9781118738818



  • allergen-specific immunotherapy (ASIT);
  • biting insect allergies;
  • Culicoides;
  • insect hypersensitivity;
  • simulium;
  • tabanidae


In human medicine, allergens are classified as either a major or minor allergen. The current progress of identifying potential major allergens in insect hypersensitivity forms the foundation from which more sensitive and specific diagnostic assays for insect hypersensitivity can be developed, as well as of providing the potential to add individualized major and minor allergens to allergen-specific immunotherapy (ASIT), which may ultimately improve efficacy. This chapter provides a simplistic overview of the pathogenesis of insect hypersensitivity using Culicoides hypersensitivity as the model. Insect hypersensitivity is seen worldwide and is presumably the most common cause of allergic disease in horses. Clinical signs for some biting insect hypersensitivities may be indistinguishable from those of Culicoides hypersensitivity. The chapter discusses the characteristics, life cycle and breeding sites, clinical features, and control measures for tabanidae, simulium and culicoidae.