6. Case Study: Problem Formulation Versus Making Problems for Yourself

  1. Lawrence V. Tannenbaum

Published Online: 13 SEP 2013

DOI: 10.1002/9781118743423.ch6

Alternative Ecological Risk Assessment: An Innovative Approach to Understanding Ecological Assessments for Contaminated Sites

Alternative Ecological Risk Assessment: An Innovative Approach to Understanding Ecological Assessments for Contaminated Sites

How to Cite

Tannenbaum, L. V. (2013) Case Study: Problem Formulation Versus Making Problems for Yourself, in Alternative Ecological Risk Assessment: An Innovative Approach to Understanding Ecological Assessments for Contaminated Sites, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781118743423.ch6

Author Information

  1. Army Institute of Public Health, U.S. Army Public Health Command, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 13 SEP 2013
  2. Published Print: 25 OCT 2013

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780470673041

Online ISBN: 9781118743423

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Keywords:

  • contaminant;
  • environmental media;
  • ERA;
  • problem formulation;
  • soil

Summary

This chapter reviews the problems associated with problem formulation. The review removes itself from the most elementary case described in the chapter- that of a chemical presence in one or more site environmental media assumed to have the potential to wreak ecological havoc. In truth, the most substantive difference for the to-be highlighted case relative to the conventionally considered arrangement (of a contaminant being either embedded or dissolved within a medium to present itself as concentration) is that the contaminant takes the form of an independent particle (actually an unfathomable quantity of particles) sitting for the most part, atop the soil. The chapter talks about spent lead shot pellets littering the ground surface in the fall zones of trap and skeet ranges. It highlights that available relevant information should always be sought out to help avoid unnecessarily being drawn into the problem formulation phase of an ERA investigation.