16. Focused or COAST3—Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR), Global FAST (GFAST3), and the FAST-ABCDE Exam
- Gregory R. Lisciandro
Published Online: 6 DEC 2013
Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Focused Ultrasound Techniques for the Small Animal Practitioner
How to Cite
Lisciandro, G. R. and Armenise, A. (2014) Focused or COAST3—Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR), Global FAST (GFAST3), and the FAST-ABCDE Exam, in Focused Ultrasound Techniques for the Small Animal Practitioner (ed G. R. Lisciandro), John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Oxford. doi: 10.1002/9781118760772.ch16
- Published Online: 6 DEC 2013
- Published Print: 10 JAN 2014
Print ISBN: 9781118369593
Online ISBN: 9781118760772
- cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR);
- FAST-ABCDE exam;
- global FAST (GFAST3);
- Vet BLUE
The use of focused ultrasound (US) for cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) recently has become an important player in rapidly addressing primary causes of cardiopulmonary arrest (CPA) that would otherwise be occult or suspect. The advantages of FAST-ABCDE are the evaluation of the upper airways, additions to the heart scan, and the evaluation of the optic nerve sheath diameter (ONSD) as a marker for intracranial hypertension. This chapter highlights what the focused CPR (GFAST3) and the FAST-ABCDE exam can do and cannot do, and indications and objectives of the GFAST3 and the FAST-ABCDE exam. Next, ultrasound settings, probe preferences, and patient positioning are discussed. Focused CPR includes the combination of AFAST3, TFAST3, and Vet BLUE. The FAST-ABCDE is performed for checking airway and breathing, checking for thoracic and abdominal circulation, looking for disability, and exposure. Finally, clinical significance and implications of abnormal focused CPR and FAST-ABCDE exam findings are dealt with.