23. Posttraumatic Stress Disorder

  1. Paul Emmelkamp2 and
  2. Thomas Ehring3
  1. Michelle J. Bovin,
  2. Stephanie Y. Wells,
  3. Ann M. Rasmusson,
  4. Jasmeet P. Hayes and
  5. Patricia A. Resick

Published Online: 4 APR 2014

DOI: 10.1002/9781118775349.ch23

The Wiley Handbook of Anxiety Disorders

The Wiley Handbook of Anxiety Disorders

How to Cite

Bovin, M. J., Wells, S. Y., Rasmusson, A. M., Hayes, J. P. and Resick, P. A. (2014) Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, in The Wiley Handbook of Anxiety Disorders (eds P. Emmelkamp and T. Ehring), John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781118775349.ch23

Editor Information

  1. 2

    University of Amsterdam, the Netherlands

  2. 3

    University of Münster, Germany

Author Information

  1. VA Boston Healthcare System, National Center of PTSD, Boston

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 4 APR 2014
  2. Published Print: 24 MAR 2014

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781118775356

Online ISBN: 9781118775349



  • anxiety disorder;
  • Axis I disorders;
  • DSM-5;
  • posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)


Currently, under the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5), posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is classified within the new category of trauma and stressor-related disorders. PTSD frequently presents with fear and anxiety and most prior research has conceptualized PTSD as an anxiety disorder. This chapter discusses the epidemiological studies on prevalence of both potentially traumatic events and PTSD. It also deals with the natural course of the disorder, risk factors, functioning/impairment, commonly comorbid disorders, and differential diagnosis. The diagnosis of PTSD is associated with impairments across a variety of domains, including occupational and academic functioning, marital and family functioning, parenting, friendships, and socializing. The chapter details the similarities and differences between PTSD and several Axis I disorders. Both DSM-IV and DSM-5 criteria are discussed.