5. Information technology in emergency care

  1. Jesse M. Pines MD, MBA, MSCE5,
  2. Jameel Abualenain MD, MPH6,
  3. James Scott MD7 and
  4. Robert Shesser MD, MPH8
  1. Adam Landman1,2 and
  2. E. Gregory Marchand3,4

Published Online: 30 MAY 2014

DOI: 10.1002/9781118779750.ch5

Emergency Care and the Public's Health

Emergency Care and the Public's Health

How to Cite

Landman, A. and Gregory Marchand, E. (2014) Information technology in emergency care, in Emergency Care and the Public's Health (eds J. M. Pines, J. Abualenain, J. Scott and R. Shesser), John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781118779750.ch5

Editor Information

  1. 5

    Director, Office for Clinical Practice Innovation, Professor of Emergency Medicine and Health Policy, The GeorgeWashington University, Washington, DC, USA

  2. 6

    Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine, Department of Emergency Medicine, The GeorgeWashington University, Washington, DC, USA; King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

  3. 7

    Professor of Emergency Medicine and Health Policy, The GeorgeWashington University School of Medicine and Health Science, Washington, DC, USA

  4. 8

    Professor and Chair, Department of Emergency Medicine, The GeorgeWashington University, Washington, DC, USA

Author Information

  1. 1

    Health Information Innovation and Integration Brigham and Women's Hospital, USA

  2. 2

    Department of Emergency Medicine, Harvard Medical School, USA

  3. 3

    Department of Emergency Medicine, MedStar Washington Hospital Center, USA

  4. 4

    MedSTAR Transport Services, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 30 MAY 2014
  2. Published Print: 13 MAY 2014

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781118779804

Online ISBN: 9781118779750

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Keywords:

  • electronic health record (EHR);
  • emergency care;
  • emergency department information system (EDIS);
  • health information technology (HIT)

Summary

An emergency department information system (EDIS) is an electronic health record (EHR) system designed to manage data and workflow in support of ED patient care and operations. The EDIS must support key ED tasks including tracking patient locations, recording clinical documentation, entering orders and reviewing results, and discharge management. Clinical documentation allows all clinicians to record their notes, usually using a combination of free text description and structured data elements. Computerized provider order entry (CPOE) allows clinicians to order medications as well as laboratory and radiology studies; results viewed electronically. This chapter highlights several unique features of EDIS, patient tracking, discharge management, and dashboard management. Finally, the impact of health information technology (HIT) on the quality, efficiency, and safety of ED patient care must be continuously monitored and assessed.