2. Common Physical or Sensory Disabilities

  1. Linda L. Eddy
  1. Mary C. Sobralske

Published Online: 20 SEP 2013

DOI: 10.1002/9781118783290.ch2

Caring for Children with Special Healthcare Needs and their Families

Caring for Children with Special Healthcare Needs and their Families

How to Cite

Sobralske, M. C. (2013) Common Physical or Sensory Disabilities, in Caring for Children with Special Healthcare Needs and their Families (ed L. L. Eddy), John Wiley & Sons, Inc., West Sussex, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781118783290.ch2

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 20 SEP 2013
  2. Published Print: 12 APR 2013

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780813820828

Online ISBN: 9781118783290

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Keywords:

  • cerebral palsy;
  • childhood hearing impairment;
  • childhood visual impairment;
  • muscular dystrophy;
  • neural tube defects;
  • sensory disabilities;
  • spinal cord injury;
  • traumatic brain injury

Summary

This chapter examines common features of physical and sensory disabilities often encountered in children and adolescents and discusses ways to foster quality of life for children and adolescents with these disabilities. These disorders often affect the lives of children and their families in profound ways; therefore they need healthcare and social services from specialists with a range of expertise. The chapter discusses the etiology, signs and symptoms, and prognosis of cerebral palsy (CP), neural tube defects, muscular dystrophy (MD), traumatic brain injury (TBI), spinal cord injuries (SCI), and hearing and visual impairment in children. The common pharmacologic and non-pharmacologic therapies, the role of nursing, occupational and physical therapy, and speech and language therapy for these disabilities are also discussed.