11. Acupressure and Acupuncture in Pregnancy and Childbirth

  1. Melissa D. Avery PhD, CNM, FACNM, FAAN
  1. Katie Moriarty and
  2. Kennedy Sharp

Published Online: 24 JUN 2013

DOI: 10.1002/9781118783320.ch11

Supporting a Physiologic Approach to Pregnancy and Birth

Supporting a Physiologic Approach to Pregnancy and Birth

How to Cite

Moriarty, K. and Sharp, K. (2013) Acupressure and Acupuncture in Pregnancy and Childbirth, in Supporting a Physiologic Approach to Pregnancy and Birth (ed M. D. Avery), John Wiley & Sons, Inc., West Sussex, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781118783320.ch11

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 24 JUN 2013
  2. Published Print: 3 JUN 2013

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780470962862

Online ISBN: 9781118783320

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Keywords:

  • acupressure;
  • acupuncture;
  • childbirth;
  • five-elements theory;
  • maternity care;
  • mechanism of action; pregnancy

Summary

This chapter presents information about the use of acupuncture and acupressure within the maternity care cycle. A review of the historical background, basic principles, theories, and philosophical framework of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) is presented, as well as Western theories about the mechanism of action. The Taoist Chinese philosophers concluded that wood, fire, earth, metal, and water were the five basic materials or elements for life. They expanded their principles to the human body and associated seasons, tastes, orientations, colors, environmental factors, and emotions to the five elements. Acupuncture and acupressure are very beneficial for pregnancy, labor, and the puerperium as an adjunct to obstetrical and midwifery care. Several examples of acupuncture and acupressure are provided to demonstrate the potential of this treatment modality, and research evidence is reviewed.