3. Musculoskeletal Structure and Physiology

  1. M. Christine Zink DVM, PhD, Dipl ACVP and
  2. Janet B. Van Dyke DVM
  1. Stuart Bliss DVM, PhD, Dipl ACVS

Published Online: 28 JUN 2013

DOI: 10.1002/9781118783443.ch3

Canine Sports Medicine and Rehabilitation

Canine Sports Medicine and Rehabilitation

How to Cite

Zink, M. C. and Van Dyke, J. B. (2013) Musculoskeletal Structure and Physiology, in Canine Sports Medicine and Rehabilitation, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., West Sussex, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781118783443.ch3

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 28 JUN 2013
  2. Published Print: 11 APR 2013

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780813812168

Online ISBN: 9781118783443



  • athletic performance;
  • canine athlete;
  • musculoskeletal physiology;
  • musculoskeletal structure;
  • sports medicine


Effective sports medicine and rehabilitation practice depends on an understanding of musculoskeletal tissue structure, physiological adaptations to exercise, and maladaptive responses to injury and disease. This chapter provides an overview of key concepts in musculoskeletal tissue structure and physiology as they pertain to athletic performance and recovery from injury. The molecular and histologic structure, development, and functional properties of bone, cartilage, synovium, tendon and ligament, and skeletal muscle are reviewed. Basic mechanisms underlying injury and loss of function of musculoskeletal tissues as well as healing responses are outlined. Emphasis is placed on structure–function relationships and physiologic concepts that are relevant to the performance and rehabilitation of the canine athlete.