3. Musculoskeletal Structure and Physiology
Published Online: 28 JUN 2013
Copyright © 2013 by John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Canine Sports Medicine and Rehabilitation
How to Cite
Zink, M. C. and Van Dyke, J. B. (2013) Musculoskeletal Structure and Physiology, in Canine Sports Medicine and Rehabilitation, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., West Sussex, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781118783443.ch3
- Published Online: 28 JUN 2013
- Published Print: 11 APR 2013
Print ISBN: 9780813812168
Online ISBN: 9781118783443
- athletic performance;
- canine athlete;
- musculoskeletal physiology;
- musculoskeletal structure;
- sports medicine
Effective sports medicine and rehabilitation practice depends on an understanding of musculoskeletal tissue structure, physiological adaptations to exercise, and maladaptive responses to injury and disease. This chapter provides an overview of key concepts in musculoskeletal tissue structure and physiology as they pertain to athletic performance and recovery from injury. The molecular and histologic structure, development, and functional properties of bone, cartilage, synovium, tendon and ligament, and skeletal muscle are reviewed. Basic mechanisms underlying injury and loss of function of musculoskeletal tissues as well as healing responses are outlined. Emphasis is placed on structure–function relationships and physiologic concepts that are relevant to the performance and rehabilitation of the canine athlete.