4.4. Autoimmune hepatitis and viral hepatitis and nutrition

  1. Miranda Lomer PhD RD
  1. Vidas Natasha A.1 and
  2. Catherine McAnenny2

Published Online: 27 JUN 2014

DOI: 10.1002/9781118872796.ch4.4

Advanced Nutrition and Dietetics in Gastroenterology

Advanced Nutrition and Dietetics in Gastroenterology

How to Cite

Natasha A., V. and McAnenny, C. (2014) Autoimmune hepatitis and viral hepatitis and nutrition, in Advanced Nutrition and Dietetics in Gastroenterology (ed M. Lomer), John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., Oxford. doi: 10.1002/9781118872796.ch4.4

Author Information

  1. 1

    King's College Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK

  2. 2

    Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 27 JUN 2014
  2. Published Print: 25 AUG 2014

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780470671320

Online ISBN: 9781118872796

SEARCH

Keywords:

  • autoimmune hepatitis (AIH);
  • nutritional assessment;
  • viral hepatitis

Summary

Autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) is a rare chronic progressive inflammatory liver disease of unknown aetiology. The AIH is classified as type 1 or type 2 according to serum autoantibody profiles. The symptoms of the AIH, side-effects of azathioprine, existence of coeliac disease and UC, and the potential progression to cirrhosis in patients with the AIH should all be considered in nutritional assessment and intervention. It is suggested that insulin resistance is involved in the pathogenesis of the AIH. This chapter discusses about viral hepatitis and its dietary effects. The viral hepatitis is inflammation of liver due to a viral infection and it affects over 700,000 people in the UK. The most common causes of the viral hepatitis are five unrelated hepatotrophic viruses: hepatitis A, B, C, D and E.