6. Periodontal disease as a complication of diabetes mellitus

  1. Ira B. Lamster
  1. George W. Taylor DMD, DrPH,
  2. Dana T. Graves DDS, DMSc and
  3. Ira B. Lamster DDS, MMSc

Published Online: 28 MAR 2014

DOI: 10.1002/9781118887837.ch6

Diabetes Mellitus and Oral Health: An Interprofessional Approach

Diabetes Mellitus and Oral Health: An Interprofessional Approach

How to Cite

Taylor, G. W., Graves, D. T. and Lamster, I. B. (2014) Periodontal disease as a complication of diabetes mellitus, in Diabetes Mellitus and Oral Health: An Interprofessional Approach (ed I. B. Lamster), John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ, USA. doi: 10.1002/9781118887837.ch6

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 28 MAR 2014
  2. Published Print: 18 APR 2014

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781118377802

Online ISBN: 9781118887837

SEARCH

Keywords:

  • biologic mechanisms;
  • diabetes mellitus;
  • impaired wound healing;
  • lipid dysregulation;
  • obesity;
  • periodontal disease;
  • protein kinase C

Summary

This chapter provides a detailed description of the evidence supporting the long-held belief by dental clinicians and some medical care providers that diabetes has an adverse effect on periodontal health. The two major areas of emphasis are (1) discussions of the types and strength of empirical evidence from large-scale epidemiological and smaller clinical studies that support the concept that diabetes has an adverse effect on periodontal health in humans, and (2) the biologic mechanisms by which diabetes is thought to contribute to poorer periodontal health (i.e., the tissue, cellular, and molecular dynamics and their interactions). Both diabetes and periodontal diseases are globally common chronic lifestyle-related diseases. A potentially important commonality that is increasingly becoming recognized is the association of obesity with periodontal disease as well as diabetes. This commonality highlights the rationale for considering periodontal disease as having an important lifestyle component in its pathogenesis.