1. Statistical Causality: Some Historical Remarks

  1. Carlo Berzuini,
  2. Philip Dawid and
  3. Luisa Bernardinelli
  1. D. R. Cox

Published Online: 25 JUN 2012

DOI: 10.1002/9781119945710.ch1

Causality: Statistical Perspectives and Applications

Causality: Statistical Perspectives and Applications

How to Cite

Cox, D. R. (2012) Statistical Causality: Some Historical Remarks, in Causality: Statistical Perspectives and Applications (eds C. Berzuini, P. Dawid and L. Bernardinelli), John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781119945710.ch1

Editor Information

  1. Statistical Laboratory, Centre for Mathematical Sciences, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK

Author Information

  1. Nuffield College, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 25 JUN 2012
  2. Published Print: 13 JUL 2012

Book Series:

  1. Wiley Series in Probability and Statistics

Book Series Editors:

  1. Walter A. Shewhart and
  2. Samuel S. Wilks

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780470665565

Online ISBN: 9781119945710



  • statistical causality, some historical remarks;
  • depth of understanding, and claims of causality;
  • causality, and the specific context;
  • causality, in a meaningful subject-matter sense;
  • Rothamsted work, causal, in experimental context;
  • noncompliance or nonadherence;
  • causal interpretation, and unobserved confounders;
  • causal effect and principle of marginalization;
  • causality, three versions;
  • establishment of causality from a qualitative synthesis


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Introduction

  • Key issues

  • Rothamsted view

  • An earlier controversy and its implications

  • Three versions of causality

  • Conclusion

  • References