6. A primer on forensic microscopy

  1. David W. Hall2 and
  2. Jason H. Byrd3
  1. Christopher R. Hardy

Published Online: 9 MAY 2012

DOI: 10.1002/9781119945734.ch6

Forensic Botany: A Practical Guide

Forensic Botany: A Practical Guide

How to Cite

Hardy, C. R. (2012) A primer on forensic microscopy, in Forensic Botany: A Practical Guide (eds D. W. Hall and J. H. Byrd), John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781119945734.ch6

Editor Information

  1. 2

    David W. Hall Consultant Inc., 3666 NW. 13th Place, Gainesville, FL 32605, USA

  2. 3

    William R. Maples Center for Forensic Medicine, College of Medicine, University of Florida, PO Box 147100, FL 32610-0275, USA

Author Information

  1. Director of the James Parks Herbarium, Millersville University, Millersville, PA 17551, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 9 MAY 2012
  2. Published Print: 1 JUN 2012

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780470664094

Online ISBN: 9781119945734



  • forensic microscopy, a primer;
  • microscopic botanical structures, relevance in forensic botany;
  • microscopic features for positive identification;
  • hand-lens, or loupe, low cost and portability;
  • stereomicroscope or dissecting scope, and microscopic details;
  • compound microscopes, higher-power microscopes;
  • SEMs, and special processing, high vacuum with specimen distortion;
  • CPD, distortive artifacts of normal drying;
  • fragmentary trace evidence, matched to crime scene reference samples;
  • artifacts on trace evidence, reference sample comparison


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Microscopes and microscopic botanical structures relevant to forensic botany

  • The importance of reference collections in microscopic analysis

  • Preparation and documentation of specimen evidence for microscopic examination

  • References