39. Maternal Nutrient Metabolism and Requirements in Pregnancy and Lactation

  1. John W. Erdman Jr. PhD2,
  2. Ian A. Macdonald PhD3 and
  3. Steven H. Zeisel MD, PhD4
  1. Lindsay H. Allen PhD

Published Online: 18 JUN 2012

DOI: 10.1002/9781119946045.ch39

Present Knowledge in Nutrition, Tenth Edition

Present Knowledge in Nutrition, Tenth Edition

How to Cite

Allen, L. H. (2012) Maternal Nutrient Metabolism and Requirements in Pregnancy and Lactation, in Present Knowledge in Nutrition, Tenth Edition (eds J. W. Erdman, I. A. Macdonald and S. H. Zeisel), Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781119946045.ch39

Editor Information

  1. 2

    Urbana, Illinois, USA

  2. 3

    Nottingham, England

  3. 4

    UNC Nutrition Research Institute, Department of Nutrition, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 500 Laureate Way, Rm 2218, Kannapolis, NC 28081, USA

Author Information

  1. USDA-ARS Western Human Nutrition Research Center, University of California, Davis, 430 W. Health Sciences Drive, Davis, CA 95616, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 18 JUN 2012
  2. Published Print: 20 JUL 2012

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780470959176

Online ISBN: 9781119946045

SEARCH

Keywords:

  • maternal nutrient metabolism and requirements, in pregnancy and lactation;
  • nutrient requirements of mother and fetus, and physiological events;
  • maternal physiology during pregnancy, and maternal nutrient utilization;
  • serum hormone changes, in tissue deposition and metabolism;
  • pregnancy weight gain, inversely related to a woman's fatness at conception;
  • metabolism and recommended intakes of nutrients;
  • folic acid supplementation in pregnancy, lowered risks of birth defects;
  • maternal zinc retention, increasing with intestinal absorption;
  • iodine deficiency in pregnancy, and cretinism, effects on growth;
  • maternal nutrient requirements during lactation

Summary

This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Introduction

  • Summary

  • Changes in Maternal Physiology during Pregnancy

  • Weight Gain During Pregnancy

  • Metabolism and Recommended Intakes of Nutrients

  • Other Nutrition-Related Conditions

  • Milk Composition

  • Physiology of Lactation

  • Maternal Nutrient Requirements During Lactation

  • Future Directions