11. Biopolymers

  1. Nurhan Turgut Dunford
  1. Oğuz Türünç and
  2. Michael A. R. Meier

Published Online: 6 FEB 2012

DOI: 10.1002/9781119946083.ch11

Food and Industrial Bioproducts and Bioprocessing

Food and Industrial Bioproducts and Bioprocessing

How to Cite

Türünç, O. and Meier, M. A. R. (2012) Biopolymers, in Food and Industrial Bioproducts and Bioprocessing (ed N. T. Dunford), Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781119946083.ch11

Editor Information

  1. Department of Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering and Robert M. Kerr Food & Agricultural Products Center, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, Oklahoma, USA

Author Information

  1. Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Institute of Organic Chemistry, Karlsruhe, Germany

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 6 FEB 2012
  2. Published Print: 2 APR 2012

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780813821054

Online ISBN: 9781119946083

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Keywords:

  • biopolymers;
  • fatty acid;
  • plant oil;
  • starch;
  • cellulose;
  • renewable resources;
  • triglyceride

Summary

Within this chapter, we introduce and review the manifold possibilities to use renewable resources for polymer science. Especially polysaccharides, such as cellulose and starch, and plant oils have great potential to substitute materials based on fossil resources, as will be discussed in detail in the two subsections of this chapter. Both (polysaccharides and plant oils) can be used directly without any chemical modification or be chemically modified to obtain the desired monomers and polymers with broad variation of the accessible and desired materials properties. Thus, considering the chemical structures of these renewable resources, this chapter consists of two main parts: carbohydrate and plant oil derived polymers. In each part, the basic structural information and general knowledge on the current use of the corresponding materials are reviewed. Where possible, the commercialized biopolymers and procedures are also introduced. In order to guide new scientists who are willing to work on such bioderived polymers and to give a general overview of literature published in this area, current trends and possible future applications/products as well as properties of these classes of biopolymers are discussed in detail.