Actinides: Organometallic Chemistry
Published Online: 15 DEC 2011
Copyright © 2011 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. All rights reserved.
Encyclopedia of Inorganic and Bioinorganic Chemistry
How to Cite
Burns, C. J., Clark, D. L. and Sattelberger, A. P. 2011. Actinides: Organometallic Chemistry. Encyclopedia of Inorganic and Bioinorganic Chemistry. .
- Published Online: 15 DEC 2011
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An actinide organometallic complex is one containing an actinide-carbon π-bond, an actinide-carbon σ-bond, or a combination of both. Actinide organometallic complexes are known for the actinide (An) elements from thorium through californium; the vast majority of the reports on organoactinide compounds, however, deal with thorium and uranium. The latter elements have isotopes, for example, thorium-232 (t1/2 = 1.41 × 1010 years) and uranium-238 (t1/2 = 4.468 × 109 years), with extremely long half-lives. Modern organoactinide chemistry is characterized by the existence not only of actinide analogs to many classes of d transition metal complexes, but increasingly common reports of compounds and types of reactions unique to the actinide series.
- hydrocarbyl ligands;
- carbocyclic ligands;
- hydride ligands;
- migratory insertion;
- π-back bonding, surface chemistry;
- electronic structure calculations