Standard Article

Bismuth: Inorganic Chemistry

  1. Kenton H. Whitmire

Published Online: 15 DEC 2011

DOI: 10.1002/9781119951438.eibc0018

Encyclopedia of Inorganic and Bioinorganic Chemistry

Encyclopedia of Inorganic and Bioinorganic Chemistry

How to Cite

Whitmire, K. H. 2011. Bismuth: Inorganic Chemistry. Encyclopedia of Inorganic and Bioinorganic Chemistry. .

Author Information

  1. Rice University, Houston, TX, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 DEC 2011

This is not the most recent version of the article. View current version (23 SEP 2013)


Solid state and molecular compounds of bismuth have many interesting and useful properties. In addition to bismuth alloys, this article describes simple binary compounds such as the bismuthine, bismuth halides, carboxylates, alkoxides, thiolates, dithiocarbamates and oxides are described in addition to coordination compounds based upon them. Some of these compounds have antibacterial and/or antifungal properties. They have also been used to treat gastrointestinal diseases. Also described are reduced bismuth cluster compounds and transition metal cluster compounds incorporating.


  • bismuth;
  • coordination compounds;
  • chalcogenide;
  • carboxylate;
  • alkoxide;
  • halide;
  • thiolate;
  • dithiocarbamate;
  • cluster;
  • intermetallic;
  • zintl ion;
  • organometallic compounds;
  • gastrointestinal disease;
  • biological activity;
  • antifungal;
  • antibacterial