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Decarbonylation Catalysis

  1. Fred H. Jardine

Published Online: 15 DEC 2011

DOI: 10.1002/9781119951438.eibc0057

Encyclopedia of Inorganic and Bioinorganic Chemistry

Encyclopedia of Inorganic and Bioinorganic Chemistry

How to Cite

Jardine, F. H. 2011. Decarbonylation Catalysis. Encyclopedia of Inorganic and Bioinorganic Chemistry. .

Author Information

  1. Washington State University, Pullman, WA, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 DEC 2011

Abstract

Aldehydes or acid chlorides can be decarbonylated to alkanes or alkenes respectively by rhodium complexes. However, α,ω-alkenals frequently isomerize to cyclic ketones. Palladium complexes decarbonylate aroyl cyanides. Stoichiometric reactions occur with many carbonyl compounds at low temperatures. Above 150°C, several of the reactions are catalytic. Aldehyde tautomers such as allylic alcohols or carbohydrates are also decarbonylated.

Keywords:

  • acid chlorides;
  • aldehydes;
  • carbohydrates;
  • mechanisms;
  • palladium complexes;
  • rhodium complexes