Published Online: 15 DEC 2011
Copyright © 2011 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. All rights reserved.
Encyclopedia of Inorganic and Bioinorganic Chemistry
How to Cite
Greenblatt, M. 2011. Ionic Conductors. Encyclopedia of Inorganic and Bioinorganic Chemistry. .
- Published Online: 15 DEC 2011
The fundamental structural and physical properties of ionic conductors in the solid state are briefly discussed. Recent developments in ionically conducting solids are reviewed. Materials discussed include: crystalline cation conductors with Na+, Li+, and H+ ion motion; crystalline anion conductors, primarily with the fluorite-type structure and with oxide- and fluoride ion mobilities; mixed ionic/electronic conductors; amorphous glass electrolytes and polymer solid electrolytes. Applications of some of these solid-state ionic conductors in electrochemical devices such as sodium and lithium rechargeable batteries, sensors, fuel cells and electrochromic smart windows are presented.
- solid-state ionic conductors;
- crystalline cation and anion conductors;
- sodium conductors;
- proton conductors;
- lithium conductors;
- glass electrolytes;
- polymer solid electrolytes;
- fuels cells;
- smart windows