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Oxide Catalysts in Solid-State Chemistry

  1. Toshio Okuhara,
  2. Yuichi Kamiya

Published Online: 15 DEC 2011

DOI: 10.1002/9781119951438.eibc0160

Encyclopedia of Inorganic and Bioinorganic Chemistry

Encyclopedia of Inorganic and Bioinorganic Chemistry

How to Cite

Okuhara, T. and Kamiya, Y. 2011. Oxide Catalysts in Solid-State Chemistry . Encyclopedia of Inorganic and Bioinorganic Chemistry. .

Author Information

  1. Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Japan

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 DEC 2011

Abstract

This chapter deals with catalysis of metal oxides containing single elements and more than two metallic elements. The metal oxides catalyze typically selective oxidation and acid-base reactions. The first section outlines factors controlling catalyst performance (activity, selectivity, and durability), which are categorized into geometric (crystal plane and surface defects) and material-intrinsic factors. Catalysis of the metal oxides is illustrated in detail by examples such as Bi[BOND]Mo[BOND]O, Mo[BOND]V[BOND]Te[BOND]Nb[BOND]O, V[BOND]P[BOND]O, Perovskite-type oxide, and heteropoly compounds. Catalyst performances of these metal oxides are discussed from the viewpoint of geometric aspects. For the heteropoly compounds, their synthetic methods, chemical properties, and porosities are also described. Solid acid and base catalysts are finally summarized.

Keywords:

  • metal oxide;
  • heteropoly compound;
  • perovskite-type oxide;
  • selective oxidation;
  • acid;
  • base;
  • catalysis;
  • water-tolerant catalyst