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P-Donor Ligands

  1. Annette Schier,
  2. Hubert Schmidbaur

Published Online: 15 DEC 2011

DOI: 10.1002/9781119951438.eibc0163

Encyclopedia of Inorganic and Bioinorganic Chemistry

Encyclopedia of Inorganic and Bioinorganic Chemistry

How to Cite

Schier, A. and Schmidbaur, H. 2011. P-Donor Ligands . Encyclopedia of Inorganic and Bioinorganic Chemistry. .

Author Information

  1. Technische Universität München, Munich, Germany

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 DEC 2011


Organophosphorus compounds of various types are among the most important classes of ligands in the coordination chemistry of the transition elements. This is particularly true for the tertiary phosphines R3P, which are known to stabilize complexes of metals in low oxidation states, while secondary and primary phosphines, R2HP and RPH2, are less common. The donor properties and the stereochemistry can be tuned by using carefully designed substitution patterns. More recently, organophosphorus compounds with low-coordinate phosphorus atoms have also been employed as ligands in metal complexes. These include mainly phosphaalkenes and phosphaalkynes, phosphinidenes, diphosphenes, phosphinines, phosphonium cations, and even elemental phosphorus.


  • phosphorus ligands;
  • p-donor ligands;
  • phosphine ligands;
  • phosphine complexes;
  • phosphaalkyne ligands;
  • phosphinidene ligands;
  • phosphaalkene ligands;
  • phosphinine ligands;
  • phosphenium ligands;
  • diphosphene ligands