Standard Article

Phosphides: Solid-State Chemistry

  1. Rainer Pöttgen1,
  2. Wolfgang Hönle2,
  3. Hans Georg von Schnering3

Published Online: 15 DEC 2011

DOI: 10.1002/9781119951438.eibc0170

Encyclopedia of Inorganic and Bioinorganic Chemistry

Encyclopedia of Inorganic and Bioinorganic Chemistry

How to Cite

Pöttgen, R., Hönle, W. and von Schnering, H. G. 2011. Phosphides: Solid-State Chemistry. Encyclopedia of Inorganic and Bioinorganic Chemistry. .

Author Information

  1. 1

    Institut für Anorganische und Analytische Chemie, Universität Münster, Germany

  2. 2

    Max-Planck-Institut für Chemische Physik fester Stoffe, Dresden, Germany

  3. 3

    Max-Planck-Institut für Festkörperforschung, Stuttgart, Germany

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 DEC 2011

Abstract

The solid-state chemistry of phosphides, phosphide oxides, and phosphide halides is reviewed. Phosphorus is outstanding, since no other element approaches phosphorus in the variety of homoatomic connected polyanions formed, as a result of its relatively low electronegativity and stereochemical features. The article covers the various synthesis techniques for solid-state phosphides, the crystal chemistry, and chemical bonding. Besides the metal-rich phosphides with pronounced metal–metal bonding, the large family of polyphosphides, which exhibits an unexpected wealth of chemical composition, is discussed. Furthermore, the largely varying magnetic, electronic, and catalytic properties are reviewed.

Keywords:

  • phosphides;
  • chemical bonding;
  • magnetism;
  • superconductivity;
  • solid-state synthesis;
  • crystal chemistry;
  • Zintl-Klemm concept;
  • Zintl compounds