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Platinum: Organometallic Chemistry

  1. Jwu-Ting Chen

Published Online: 15 DEC 2011

DOI: 10.1002/9781119951438.eibc0180

Encyclopedia of Inorganic and Bioinorganic Chemistry

Encyclopedia of Inorganic and Bioinorganic Chemistry

How to Cite

Chen, J.-T. 2011. Platinum: Organometallic Chemistry . Encyclopedia of Inorganic and Bioinorganic Chemistry. .

Author Information

  1. National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 DEC 2011

Abstract

This article aims to describe the prominent advances of organoplatinum chemistry in the latest decade. Recent development in this field has been much advanced with the design of new ancillary ligands as well as new organic ligands. For the former, the polydentate cyclometallated ligands, tridentate pincer ligands, nitrogen-donor ligands, and aminocarbenes are discussed. For the latter, in addition to the synthesis and structure of new organoplatinum compounds, a noteworthy growth is to exploit some of these compounds for luminescent materials. The content in this regard is brief since it has been covered as an independent article of this volume. Organoplatinum species with unprecedented bonding modes or new organometallic functionalities are discussed separately. The progress of nano sciences prompts the conceptual revolution in the whole frontier line of chemical research. Organoplatinum chemistry has been contributing in a profound way to construction of the new substances of large skeletons. Exploration starting from clusters and molecular assemblies to organometallic polymers, particularly with rational design, is addressed. Reactions involving the Si[BOND]H, Si[BOND]Si, C[BOND]H, and C[BOND]C bond formation or cleavage are crucial to hydrosilylation and alkane functionalization respectively. Platinum-silylene chemistry accounts for a major breakthrough in synthetic chemistry. As to platinum-hydrides that are mainly concerned in Pt(IV)-state and are key intermediates in alkane activation, their syntheses and structures are discussed in Section 5. Platinum(IV)-alkyls are the theme of Section 6. The reaction mechanisms of Pt(II)/Pt(IV) involving aqueous C[BOND]H activation and other reactions or catalysis involving organoplatinum are summarized at the end.

Keywords:

  • platinum;
  • organoplatinum;
  • cyclometallation;
  • luminescence;
  • allyl;
  • alkyne;
  • alkynyl;
  • hydride;
  • silylene;
  • nano-structure;
  • supermolecule;
  • C[BOND]H activation