Silver: Inorganic & Coordination Chemistry
Published Online: 15 DEC 2011
Copyright © 2011 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. All rights reserved.
Encyclopedia of Inorganic and Bioinorganic Chemistry
How to Cite
Mak, T. C. W. and Zhao, X.-L. 2011. Silver: Inorganic & Coordination Chemistry . Encyclopedia of Inorganic and Bioinorganic Chemistry. .
- Published Online: 15 DEC 2011
The present review is a complete rewrite of the original article in the first edition. The new version provides concise and up-to-date information on the inorganic and coordination compounds of silver in oxidation states ranging from subvalent to Ag(IV). Literature coverage is extended to October 2004, and pertinent references are listed for the convenience of the interested reader.
The presentation is organized under the following headings: 1. Introduction; 2. Subvalent silver compounds; 3. Silver(I) compounds (under subheadings: 3.1 Halides and pseudohalides; 3.2 Phosphorus donor ligands; 3.3 Nitrogen donor ligands; 3.4 Oxygen donor ligands; 3.5 Chalcogen donor ligands; 3.6 Silver-rich compounds); 4. Silver(II) compounds; 5. Silver(III) and silver(IV) compounds; 6. Catalysis. The structural features of the compounds are described, and specific examples are illustrated with five figures.
For the most important +1 oxidation state of silver, particular emphasis is placed on recent highlights and advances in new areas such as double and multiple salts of silver, silver(I) polyhedra with encapsulated acetylenediide (C22−) species (symbolized as C2@Agn), argentophilic Ag(I)⋯Ag(I) interaction in supramolecular assembly, halide-centered Agn cages, mixed-metal clusters, and silver-rich chalcogenide supercluster complexes. Modern application of inorganic silver catalysts, of both achiral and chiral types, to organic synthesis is presented with selected examples from the recent literature.
- coordination compounds;
- inorganic compounds;
- metal–metal bonding;
- supramolecular assembly