Standard Article

Nano/Microporous Materials: Crystalline Metal-Chalcogenide Superlattices

  1. Zhien Lin1,
  2. Pingyun Feng1,
  3. Xianhui Bu2

Published Online: 15 DEC 2011

DOI: 10.1002/9781119951438.eibc0332

Encyclopedia of Inorganic and Bioinorganic Chemistry

Encyclopedia of Inorganic and Bioinorganic Chemistry

How to Cite

Lin, Z., Feng, P. and Bu, X. 2011. Nano/Microporous Materials: Crystalline Metal-Chalcogenide Superlattices. Encyclopedia of Inorganic and Bioinorganic Chemistry. .

Author Information

  1. 1

    University of California-Riverside, Riverside, CA, USA

  2. 2

    California State University, Long Beach, CA, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 DEC 2011


This article describes the recent research progress in the field of crystalline metal-chalcogenide superlattices containing tetrahedron-shaped nanoclusters as building units. With the development of new synthetic strategies and structural concepts, new clusters that are members of three series of tetrahedral clusters (i.e., supertetrahedral clusters, pentasupertetrahedral clusters, and capped supertetrahedral clusters) have been prepared and organized into extended frameworks with a variety of topologies, such as single diamond, double diamond, ABW, CrB4, SOD, cubic C3N4, UCR-1, ICF-24, ICF-25, α- and β-quartz, moganite, and boracite. These materials show rich compositional diversities with tunable optical properties, microporosity, and ion-exchange properties, suggesting their potential applications in photocatalysis, fast-ion conductors, solar cells, etc.


  • nanostructured material;
  • microporous material;
  • open framework;
  • metal chalcogenide;
  • tetrahedral cluster;
  • superlattice